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ICFP 2019
Sun 18 - Fri 23 August 2019 Berlin, Germany
Wed 21 Aug 2019 13:52 - 14:15 at Aurora Borealis - Modal Types Chair(s): Dominique Devriese

Traditional approaches to compensate for the lack of exceptions in type theories for proof assistants have severe drawbacks from both a programming and a reasoning perspective. Pédrot and Tabareau recently extended the Calculus of Inductive Constructions (CIC) with exceptions. The new exceptional type theory is interpreted by a translation into CIC, covering full dependent elimination, decidable type-checking and canonicity. However, the exceptional theory is inconsistent as a logical system. To recover consistency, Pédrot and Tabareau propose an additional translation that uses parametricity to enforce that all exceptions are caught locally. While this enforcement brings logical expressivity gains over CIC, it completely prevents reasoning about exceptional programs such as partial functions.

This work addresses the dilemma between exceptions and consistency in a more flexible manner, with the Reasonably Exceptional Type Theory (RETT). RETT is structured in three layers: (a) the exceptional layer, in which all terms can raise exceptions; (b) the mediation layer, in which exceptional terms must be provably parametric; (c) the pure layer, in which terms are non-exceptional, but can refer to exceptional terms. We present the general theory of RETT, where each layer is realized by a predicative hierarchy of universes, and develop an instance of RETT in Coq: the impure layer corresponds to the predicative universe hierarchy, the pure layer is realized by the impredicative universe of propositions, and the mediation layer is reified via a parametricity type class. RETT is the first full dependent type theory to support consistent reasoning about exceptional terms, and the CoqRETT plugin readily brings this ability to Coq programmers.

Wed 21 Aug
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13:30 - 15:00: Research Papers - Modal Types at Aurora Borealis
Chair(s): Dominique DevrieseVrije Universiteit Brussel
icfp-2019-papers13:30 - 13:52
Daniel GratzerAarhus University, Jonathan SterlingCarnegie Mellon University, Lars BirkedalAarhus University
icfp-2019-papers13:52 - 14:15
Pierre-Marie PédrotINRIA, Nicolas TabareauInria, Hans FehrmannUniversity of Chile, Éric TanterUniversity of Chile & Inria Paris
icfp-2019-papers14:15 - 14:37
Patrick BahrIT University of Copenhagen, Christian Uldal GraulundIT University of Copenhagen, Rasmus Ejlers MøgelbergIT University of Copenhagen
icfp-2019-papers14:37 - 15:00
Dominic OrchardUniversity of Kent, UK, Vilem-Benjamin LiepeltUniversity of Kent, UK, Harley D. Eades IIIAugusta University